@jwildeboer With KSA chairing the Human Rights Commission?
@jwildeboer Also to be clear that my concern is _not_ hypothetical:
@dredmorbius and I’m on your side. So let’s move onward. Find better solutions. Expose the failures. Iterate. Look forward.
@jwildeboer So, a couple of approaches I try to use:
1. Establish common ground or agreement.
2. Identify concerns or disagreeent.
3. Seek to expand 1 and shrink 2.
@jwildeboer "Global governance" is a means. "Global problems" is ... a problem _domain_.
The reason(s) for choosing the specific means isn't given.
Nor (at least directly) is the _ends_, the goal-state you're seeking to reach.
Consider that you're getting flustered addressing a relatively friendly audience here. Consider the circumstance of a more hardened adversary.
(Which presumes rational argument is effective, but for the sake of, er, argument, I will.)
@dredmorbius tell me about your solutions to the questions I’m asking. I tried to sketch mine.
@jwildeboer We're at a bit of an impass.
Unless your problem is "I want to build a hammer house using hammers", then it's not clear to me what _your_ rationales for choosing your method(s) are.
Again: I start from _problem_ moving through _desired state_, assessing _possible paths_ and _potential partners_, to _methods_. And complete with an assessment / post-mortem of the process.
You seem to be starting at methods. This is ... not particularly natural for me.
With the exception ...
@jwildeboer ... possibly, of having found myself with a _particularly good general set of tools_ that seem to apply themselves widely to a broad set of problems.
Aristotle's Organon, Bacon's Novum Organon.
A set of modular shell tools and scripting languages for a range of computing problems. Basic, adaptable, chefs tools for cooking.
Global unified government is fairly advanced and specific. It's ... oh, say, kind of the systemd of job schedulers, syslogs, or ntp daemons.
@jwildeboer The human race solved numerous social and political challenges from the Dawn of Time until roughly 26 June 1945, with lesser tools. Not always, and not perfectly, but generally sufficiently (except of course where it didn't).
Again: what is/are the problems you're trying to solve? What's the state you'd like to arrive at?
Or are hammers and hammer-houses intrinsically good?
Not clear. That depends upon the properties of the system involved. There is an entire discipline of study around systems and 'global problems need global solutions' is not always true. There is also a whole raft of important structure around sustainable systems (viable systems as Beer calls them).
Simple example - imagine the creation in one location by one group of a dirt cheap ultra capacity battery. That will cause meaningful global change.
Thanks for kicking the log rolling again.
Issues which require _global coordination_, or where there's only an option for a _single_ choice to be made (e.g., resources, outcomes, or committments involve everyone), evidently DO require a global agreement, or ability to act independently and effectively without one. Planetary sunshades, ocean seeding, and BAU are examples, where BAU is independence-absent-agreement.
Gap-jumping can be another. If traversing ...
A to B is possible incrementally -- walking across a field -- then partial progress is a viable method. If there's a gap to be bridged ... you're going to need to assemble the resources to build that bridge.
Coordination challenges are another. Britain, Japan, SA, and Oz can drive on the left, the rest of the world right, without conflict. But within any given traffic regime, you've got to pick one side or the other, not both. The decision's arbitrary but ...
@EtchedPixels ... important.
Back to Jan's proposal, it's not clear to me that a _single_ global comms structure is _either_ inherently necessary _or_ essential, though it's certainly possible. Absent being able to _define_ it as "sufficiently free", the problem of ensuring that whatever system _does_ exist _is_ remains.
And a multipolar / multiparty system could well answer a possible goal "provide answerable publicly-funded free-speech access" better than a unitary one.
@EtchedPixels The key question for me is which (unitary/multiparty) system is more subject to authoritarian capture. My instincts go with the multiparty system.
Though if that is subject to dynamics similar to the US broadband/comms sector, you could well end up with a diversity of small/regional petty dictatorships.
Again: my goal is to think through the solution space. But that requires knowing the problem and goals.
@dredmorbius @jwildeboer They don't necessarily require global agreement. Take railway track gauges in the UK. The adoption of 4' and a bit was not driven by the state. The only bit the state got involved in was meddling later on in the private business war between 7' and 4'8 by backing the technologically wrong side for political reasons. It was driven by local economics and network effects at each state.
@dredmorbius @jwildeboer Another example is ebay. Ebay become a single dominant auction player in the west without any global co-ordination. Network effects alone caused convergence. In the European case network effects drove Sweden to fix the side their cars drive (but not their trains) because the incompatibility became a sufficient size pain in the arse.
@EtchedPixels In the case of improved battery tech: absent some mechanism for capping overall energy utilisation, improving utilisation effectiveness tends to increase rather than decrease total use.
Imposing a global cap by some means (global coordination) is required. That's effectively the IPCC / Paris / Rio / Copenhagen / Montreal accords problem.
@EtchedPixels @dredmorbius unless that one group patents it and prices it out of the market or decides to not produce at all. We’ll just have to wait twenty years as with MP3 :) My point however was completely different. An open standard which implementation is “guarded” by a transnational organisation that has global acceptance or better authority. Socialising the tech that fosters the fundamental human rights on a global scale. Without it being a business.
@EtchedPixels @dredmorbius le sigh. I understand that criticism is needed and helpful, but when it only results in dismissing everything I propose, it’s not really a positive thing. So instead of that - what could work in your opinion? Or should we simply accept the status quo and hand everything to global corps that make their own laws without any oversight?
@penguin42 @jwildeboer @dredmorbius indeed. yes. philisophical hypothetical: what if there were a magical oracle that could tell you exactly what the best global solution to a problem is, infallibly, and the oracle said “dictatorship with tight speech controls”, would you accept it as the correct answer? how would you react?
@zensaiyuki @penguin42 @jwildeboer @dredmorbius how could you possibly know if the oracle is correct? Either it's simple faith, in which case this is no different from declaring a global caliphate, or it's possible to check the oracle's answer without doing what they say, meaning that you already have a way to prove that it's the best solution and you would have checked that anyway.
@zensaiyuki @penguin42 @jwildeboer @dredmorbius additionally, if something I find intolerable is the answer to a problem, then I would say that the issue lies with the statement of the problem and parameters. There's always at least one global maximum given any parameters, such as "keep personal freedom and whatnot"
@zensaiyuki @penguin42 @jwildeboer @dredmorbius Who said I never doubted my self? You're missing the point of my argument: I do not doubt that, with improperly constrained parameters, the oracle might tell me objective truth that I dislike. But since I can constrain my parameters to take into account my judgement, that is not an issue.
In your hypothetical example though, is this some thing that magically happens and I can't get together a large and diverse group of people to find a set of commonly agreeable parameters? Because in that case yes, because I believe that in my gut I know right from wrong.
@zardoz I don't _consciously_ seek power over others, as a rule.
I've increasingly found myself in irreconcilable conflict with others over matters in which there is apparently no common ground. It's distressing. I find I ultimately have to act in my own interests even where I'm aware my counterparty will be harmed, as they 1) leave no option and 2) will exercise the same behaviour over me.
Well, there is an option, but it would be complete capitulation.
@zensaiyuki @penguin42 @jwildeboer @dredmorbius your question involves judgements and objective facts. As the old saying goes: "you cannot get an ought from an is". Basically if I judge that something is wrong, that is not because I took some facts and used logic to come to a conclusion, it's because I have that judgement and it's not related to facts.
So, if the oracle tells me what facts are true given my parameters informed by my judgement, I accept it. If it tells me what judgement is true, I do not.
@zensaiyuki Fundamentally, I have the same problem with your philosophical oracle as I do with Jan's original problem statement. The argument begs its premise (in the correct sense, not the more usual "raises the question" form).
Literally, Jan's system is "truly free" by definition. Literally, the oracle is always correct, by definition.
Even if we accept the premise, but reject the answer because it violates our values, we end with a paradox: it's not optimal.
@zensaiyuki I'm willing to relax the conditions further and posit an until-now-fully-reliable oracle. One that's not guaranteed to be perfect, but which has always led us to the correct conclusion in the past.
Again: if the answer it arrives at violates a fundamental value set of mine, I will reject that answer.
From which I would conclude that values, not some demonostrable or probable correctness, has primacy.
Which leads to a second challenge:
@zensaiyuki How do you address the situation within some global problem scope (that is, there is only one possible option), where parties can come to no mutual best agreement due to mutually conflicting values.
There are a few possible options.
If you can alternate choices at different time periods, that is an option. It's not always possible though.
You can both elect for your 2nd (or lower) preference, until you arrive at a mutually acceptable one.
@zensaiyuki Random sortition.
You could look to other domains for potential resolutions. Evolution fights things out, without negotiated settlement. Need not involve direct combat, as one option might simply out-compete another, over time.
But that's straying from your oracle. Short answer, is that the best-oracle-solution is a red herring, and that values are ultimate guides, superior to logic or algorithm, at least for volitional choice.
@dredmorbius @penguin42 @jwildeboer i’ll show my cards then and just say my position, and argument conclusion is that there does not exist a globally aggreeable system of government. the oracle conceit was an attempt to lead you to this conclusion socratically. yes, people have different values. who are you to imose yours on everyone else?
@penguin42 @zensaiyuki @dredmorbius @jwildeboer
Facebook's attempts to impose one set of cultural values on the entire world have resulted in censorship of aboriginal culture.
@penguin42 @zensaiyuki @dredmorbius @jwildeboer
I recommend this podcast episode about Facebook's global standards team:
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